There are two main endoscopic procedures involved in management of infertile couples- Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy.
What is Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a way to look at the lining of the uterus using a thin viewing instrument called a hysteroscope. The tip of the hysteroscope is put into your vagina and gently moved through the cervix into the uterus. It is done to see if there is a problem in the uterus that is preventing you from becoming pregnant. A hysteroscope can be used to remove growths in the uterus, such as fibroids or polyps.
What is laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that involves insertion of a narrow telescope-like instrument through a small incision in the belly button. This allows visualization of the abdominal and pelvic organs including the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
What is laparoscopy used for in women with infertility?
This procedure allows us to determine whether there are any defects such as cysts, scar tissue, endometriosis, fibroid tumours and other abnormalities of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. The patency of fallopian tubes is tested during laparoscopy procedure. If any defects are found then they can be corrected with operative laparoscopy.
What are the advantages of laparoscopy?
Less invasive, Smaller incisions
Shorter hospital stay
Improved diagnosis with better vision